Sex involves the brain and other parts of the body. There is a communication between the genitals and the brain and vice versa. Sex can be termed as being complicated because several parts of the body have to function together for it to be achieved. The desire in the brain causes some alterations in the pelvic organs and this helps to enhance* the sexual desire.
Sexual Arousal Disorder
This is a condition in which the woman becomes sexually aroused through touch, fantasies or both. This causes the flow of blood to the pelvic region. This makes the tissues that are located in the genital region to swell and the vagina moistens and becomes well lubricated in readiness for sex. Sexual arousal disorder is where the mind desires sexual intercourse but the body does not follow suit as it remains unprepared. There are many things that can contribute or cause this disorder. This includes medical conditions like diabetes and hypothyroidisms that can reduce* the sexual desire. There are also some medications like anti-seizure and anti depressants drugs that can reduce* sexual drive as one of the side effects. The psychological and emotional issues can also have an effect on sexual performance and desire.
Sexual arousal disorder is a condition that is common in menopausal women that have reduced* levels of estrogen. When the level of estrogen is low, the vaginal secretions are reduced* and vaginal tissue becomes thin. The woman experiences pain when having sexual intercourse and there is reduced* sexual desire. In the cases where sex is not painful, the woman will not have changes in then pelvic region like an increase* in the flow of blood and increased vaginal lubrication. This will in turn reduce* the sexual desire of the woman.
The Treatments Options
The drug companies have looked for the ‘female Viagra’ for many years. This is because when the woman gets an increase* blood flow in the genitals, there will be an increase* in the sexual desire. However, studies have indicated that this is not the case. The other problem with the woman that can contribute to sexual arousal disorder is vaginal dryness. Many women are advised to use vaginal moisturizers and lubricants that are sold over the counter. In cases where these products are not helpful, the woman can be prescribed for a low dose of the estrogen products that are meant for the vagina. This can be in the form of tablets, creams, or rings that can be inserted in the vagina. This products help to raise the level of estrogen in the vagina and this makes the vaginal tissue more elastic and thicker. Unlike the high doses of therapy that involves hormone replacement, these products do not increase* the blood level of estrogen.
The treatment option for increasing* sexual desire that is commonly studied is testosterone. Testosterone is known to be the male hormone but studies have shown that women also have lower levels of this hormone. The hormone helps to stimulate sexual desire in both men and women and enhancing* sexual arousal.
The other mode of treatment is the sex therapy and this can be used in the cases where the cause is not just physical. The patient is seen by a therapist and they are assisted to identify feelings, behaviors and thoughts that might be interfering with sexual enjoyment. Anxiety and stress that come from the strain of life, family problems, relationship, mental disorders and depression are also likely to have an effect on sexual desire.
Treatment of The Disorder
The treatment of low sex drive will depend on the underlying cause. It is advisable to visit the doctor who is able to perform several tests that will determine the cause of this condition. When the cause is physical, the woman can be given a hormonal replacement therapy. This is one of the options of treatment that is used for the women who have reached menopause and they have this condition.
When the cause is psychological, the patient is encouraged to go for psychological therapy. This can be done together with the partner where both undergo counseling. This involves psychology counseling that is focused on the sexual issues that are affecting the partners. The therapist will also help the partners to be able to communicate their sexual needs to each other and this will help to increase* intimacy. The loss of sexual function and desire are common after menopause but there are therapies that can be of help.
There are many causes of sexual arousal disorder and this can be physical or psychological. It is advisable to visit the doctor so that the necessary tests can be done to know the underlying cause. Hormone replacement therapy is one of the treatment options that can be used to help in this condition especially in women who are in menopause. In cases where the underlying cause is psychological, the couple is encouraged to have psychological therapy.